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Large Language Models and Copyright Issue

Jul 31, 2023

Large Language Models (LLMs) like OpenAI’s ChatGPT are at the forefront of controversy in the rapidly evolving world of artificial intelligence. The crux of the issue? Copyright infringement claims and billion-dollar payment demands from publishers and corporations like InterActiveCorp (IAC).

LLMs can summarize news, answer queries, and provide insights, effectively using news content without driving traffic to the sources. This has led to lawsuits from those who believe their work is part of the LLMs’ training data. The argument is that if a user can ask an LLM for news updates or summaries, the LLM is effectively using the news without generating traffic for the original news sources.

However, if we view LLMs as “reasoning engines” rather than content databases, the proportion of their training data from these companies might be minuscule. This perspective suggests that tech giants like OpenAI or Google could retrain their models without this content. The counterargument is that if LLMs are viewed as “reasoning engines” rather than databases, the proportion of their training data made up of content from these companies might be minimal. Therefore, companies like OpenAI or Google could retrain their models without this content.

The debate also delves into the realm of fair use and copyright. Is there enough out-of-copyright data available for training, rendering this issue moot? Should companies not compensate individuals if they are to pay corporations for using their content? The discussion also touches on the concept of fair use, which may or may not apply in this context. It raises the question of whether there’s enough training data available that’s entirely out of copyright to make this issue irrelevant.

As we navigate this legal maze, the future of LLMs hangs in the balance. The outcome of these discussions will shape the trajectory of AI development and its intersection with copyright law. This complex issue touches on copyright law, fair use, and the ethics of AI training. It’s important to note that as of my training cut-off in September 2021, these are ongoing discussions, and the legal landscape may have changed.

In conclusion, AI and copyright law intersection is complex and evolving. With the rise of LLMs and their potential to use copyrighted content, clear guidelines and regulations are more important than ever. As we continue to explore the capabilities of AI, we must also consider the legal and ethical implications of these technologies.

References:

  1. InterActiveCorp (IAC)
  2. OpenAI
  3. Google

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